Guide to AP® Human Geography

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Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives

What is the study of geography and what can a geographical perspective afford? How do people organize themselves around land, water, atmosphere, biodiversity, and climate? Learn to interpret maps, spatial data, apply mathematical formulas, and interpret models to better understand the world.

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Major Concepts and IntroductionFree

Uncover major topics in AP® Human Geography by defining important terms and learning about the history and traditions of human geography as a field.
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Key Geographical SkillsFree

Explore how different maps can be used to better understand cultural geography and humans' relationship to the environment.
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Use of Geospatial Techniques

Look at how geographers use maps, models, and spatial concepts to research changes in regions, population growth or decline, and cultural patterns.
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Using and interpreting maps

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Regions

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Geospatial Technologies

Explore geospatial techniques, such as GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and how they uncover patterns, relationships, and trends.
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Field Experience

Understand key concepts in quantitative and qualitative data collection and field observations.
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Population and Migration

Examine macro levels of human social organization: cultural patterns, political organization of space, food production, and natural resource use. Analyze population and migration patterns — why do human populations grow faster in some regions than others? What are the values and constraints that human populations place on an area and how do population patterns shift across time and space?

CompletionAccuracy

Accuracy is based on your most recent attempt.

Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Geographical Analysis of Population

Analyze population pyramids, patterns in population density, and responses to overpopulation.
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Distribution of human population

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Implications of population density and distribution

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Population composition

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Population Growth and Decline

Examine what causes population growth and decline, fertility rates, and aging patterns.
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Trends in growth and decline

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Theories of growth and decline

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Population changes

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Migration

Investigate why individuals and groups migrate and what has caused major migration patterns across time and space.
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Push and pull factors

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Forced vs. voluntary migrations

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Major historic migrations

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Consequences of migration

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Cultural Patterns and Processes

How can we define culture? How has culture been impacted by globalization and technology? Explore the diverse and ever-changing factors and relationships that inform our understandings of culture, including religion, language, gender, and popular vs. folk culture. How does culture shape landscapes through signs, architecture, and sacred sites?

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Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Concepts of Culture

Look into the key characteristics of culture such as language, food, religion, and patterns of assimilation.
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Culture by Region and Place

Examine how region and place impact aspects of culture and why culture varies across cities and nations.
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Regional variations

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Diffusion of culture

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Ethnic and universalizing religions

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Culture and landscapes

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Folk v. pop culture

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Political Organization of Space

People organize themselves through states and political entities. Become an expert in the contemporary political map and the historical influence of colonialism, imperialism, independence movements, and the rise and fall of communism. You will also learn the principles of political geography, including the significance of boundaries, districts and redistricting, and the fragmentation of various groups.

CompletionAccuracy

Accuracy is based on your most recent attempt.

Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Contemporary Political Map

Look at how geography impacts political decisions, border disputes, and nationalism.
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Territoriality

Learn about the importance of territory in relation to ownership of natural resources, political power, and sovereignty.
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Political power and territoriality

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The nature and function of boundaries

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Comparing forms of governance

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Globalization Challenges Political-Territorial Arrangements

Explore how our interrelated world has caused the emergence of new global leaders, territorial disputes, and supernational governing bodies.
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Agriculture, Food Production, and Rural Land Use

How has resource allocation changed across time and space? Changing technology has dramatically changed the landscape of farming practices, resulting in new issues in environmental sustainability and patterns of food production and consumption.

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Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Development of Agriculture

Understand the historical development of agriculture and how technology and research have spurred a new movement in food production.
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Domestication and diffusion in first agricultural revolution

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Connection between geography and agricultural processes

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Consequences of the Green Revolution

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Major Agricultural Regions

Discover how climate impacts agricultural yield and which economic or political forces most directly impact large-scale production.
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Bioclimatic zones

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Economic forces behind types of agriculture

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Large-scale commercial agriculture

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Regional interdependence

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Settlement Patterns & Rural Land Use

Examine varying settlement patterns across regions and why some are more common than others.
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Rural settlement patterns

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Von Thunen model

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Environmental consequences of agricultural practices

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Contemporary Challenges of Food Production

Advanced technology has greatly impacted how we produce and consume food — explore contemporary challenges such as the ubiquity of fast food, demand for organic farming and fair trade, and changes to traditional farming practices.
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Changing nature of contemporary agriculture

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Location of food-processing

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Industrialization and Economic Development

From the explosion of the markets to the rise of colonization and imperialism, from changing gender roles and labor divisions to the explosion of domestic and international trade, the Industrial Revolution dramatically impacted all aspects of life. Study the history, effects, and diffusion of the Industrial Revolution in depth, paying close attention to the consequences that continue to reverberate today.

CompletionAccuracy

Accuracy is based on your most recent attempt.

Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Growth and Diffusion of Industrialization

Look at how industrialization has impacted industry and trade and examine latent consequences for cities, jobs, and tourism.
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Role of Industrial Revolution

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Economic sectors

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Weber's model explains industrial location

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Social and Economic Measures of Development

Explore how economic development impacts women, minority groups, and people from less developed or developing countries.
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Measures of development

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Spatial patterns of development

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Role of women in economic development

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Patterns and Impacts of Industrialization and Development

Examine how countries around the world have been impacted by modern technology and new industries that have emerged as a result.
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International trade and interdependence

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Economic restructuring and deindustrialization

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Sustainable Development

Define sustainable development and learn about how urban design and sources of renewable energy are slowing down environmental degradation.
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Cities and Urban Land Use

Learn about the internal systems and structures of cities, including the evolution of transportation and urban development and explore the challenges of a more urbanized world. How do these challenges impact planning and design, sustainability, population density, and governance? How does urbanization differ across many countries? As cities expand, what is preserved as the "old city" and what is destroyed?

CompletionAccuracy

Accuracy is based on your most recent attempt.

Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Changing Form, Function, Size of Urban Settlements

Examine the factors that contribute to the development of new cities, suburbanization, and expanding megacities.
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Urban Hierarchy Models

Analyze what makes a city a "global" city and the relationships between cities across the world.
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Internal Structure Models

Look at the infrastructure at the nucleus of cities: shopping centers, skyscrapers, and economic centers that underscore the importance of cities in our modern age.
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Built Landscapes and Social Space

Examine how cities expand and dissolve based on geographic or economic circumstances.
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Analyzing residential land use

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Evaluating infrastructure

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Planning and design

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Demographic composition and population of cities

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Urban Challenges

Dig into the urban challenges facing cities today: environmental issues, gentrification, overcrowding and traffic, and access to healthy food.
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