Guide to AP® Physics 1 & 2

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Kinematics

How fast? How far? How long? These are the key questions in kinematics. Learn how to use kinematic equations to answer questions about objects moving in one or two dimensions.

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One Dimensional Motion

Establish the basics of analyzing motion by studying an object's position, velocity, and acceleration.
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Position, velocity, and acceleration

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Interpreting kinematic graphs

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Matching kinematic graphs

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Freefall

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Two Dimensional Motion

Extend your understanding of motion by exploring more than one dimension through projectile motion.
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Projectile motion

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Dynamics

Explore the role that forces play in the motion of objects and systems. Reference Newton's Laws of Motion to predict the effects of gravity, friction, and normal forces on moving bodies in this theme.

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Newton's Laws

Add another level to your ability to analyze motion through exploring the nature of mass and forces described by Newton's Laws.
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Inertial reference frames

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Newton's second law

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Newton's third law

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Forces and Dynamics

Practice basic dynamics problems involving the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration.
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Friction

Practice dynamics problems involving frictional forces.
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Equilibrium

Practice dynamics problems involving objects in static equilibrium.
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Circular Motion

Practice the application of Newton's Laws to dynamics problems involving objects moving in a circle.
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Gravitation

Explore and apply another famous principle: Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation.
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Newton's law of universal gravitation

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Gravitational fields

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Conservation Laws

Apply the concepts of conservation of energy and momentum to explain and predict the behavior of a system. These concepts are fundamental to all areas of science and engineering.

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Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Energy

Explore the concepts of energy, how it is conserved through transitions to different types, and applications of this conservation principle.
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Potential energy

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Conservation of energy

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Work

Relate the concept of energy to that of work, and explore how energy applies to dynamics.
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Conservative and non-conservative forces

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Power

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Graphs of work, energy, and power

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Work-energy theorem

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Linear Momentum

Apply another important conservation principle: that of mass and velocity, called momentum.
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Mass times velocity

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Conservation of linear momentum

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Impulse

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Force vs time graphs

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Rotation

Why are door handles placed opposite from the hinges? Explore the concepts of torque and angular momentum through challenging application questions.

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Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Center of Mass

Practice problems involving a qualitative evaluation of the distribution of mass of various objects and interactions between objects.
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Rotational Motion

Explore how rotational forces, torques, affect rotational motion.
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Torque

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Rotational energy

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Rotational equilibrium

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Rotational dynamics

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Angular Momentum

Relate the concept of conversation of momentum to rotational situations involving moments of inertia and angular velocity.
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Changes in angular momentum

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Conservation of angular momentum

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Oscillations

What makes systems oscillate in simple harmonic motion? What makes planets stay in orbit? Examine the mathematics behind this natural, rhythmic pattern and apply these to mechanical and astronomical situations.

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Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Restoring Forces and Equilibrium

Explore the concept behind Hooke's Law, where the force varies according to distance and direction of motion.
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Simple Harmonic Motion

Practice dynamics problems involving objects which oscillate according to simple harmonic motion.
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Springs and pendulums

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Energy

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Graphing simple harmonic motion

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Orbital Motion

Synthesize the concepts of circular motion, simple harmonic motion, gravitational forces, and conservation of momentum in orbital motion problems.
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Waves and Sound

What do ocean waves and light have in common? Explore the mechanics behind wave motion, the difference between transverse and longitudinal waves, and the mathematical descriptions that govern waves. Calculate properties of waves and determine how they behave during interference and resonance.

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Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Mechanical Waves

Explore the propagation of energy through wave motion and identify two types of wave motion – transverse and longitudinal.
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Wave types

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Wave Properties

Learn about and calculate the various properties of wave motion and explore the interesting phenomena of interference and superposition.
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Wavelength, amplitude, period, and frequency

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Interference and superposition

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Standing waves

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Sound

Apply analysis of wave behavior specifically to problems involving the propagation of sound through a medium.
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Electrostatics

What is the difference between an electric charge and an electric field? Explore the role of Coulomb's Law on attractive and repulsive forces between charges. Apply Gauss's Law to solve problems in this theme.

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Status

Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Charge and Electrostatic Force

Establish an understanding of elementary charge and how charges exhibit electrostatic forces.
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Electric Fields and Potential

Determine how electric charges create fields of electric potential and learn how these fields interact with other charges.
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Conduction and Induction

Explore how the distribution and movement of electric charges is affected through the processes of electric conduction and induction.
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Circuits

Discover the relationship between current, resistance, and power in this theme. Learn how to visually represent different types of circuits involving batteries, resistors, and capacitors. Explore the relationships between various measurements based on design decisions like in parallel or series configurations for direct current scenarios.

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Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Ohm's Law

Learn and apply the relationship between electric potential (voltage), current, and resistance.
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Voltage, current, and resistance

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Power

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Kirchhoff's Laws

Apply the concept of conservation of energy to circuit loops and junctions to determine current flow and voltage distribution.
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DC Circuits

Build and explore various direct current circuit configurations that contain various components such as resistors and capacitors.
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Simple circuits with resistors

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Series, parallel, and series-parallel circuits

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Circuits with resistors and capacitors

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Magnetism and Electromagnetic Induction

Learn how magnetic fields can generate forces acting on moving charges and current-carrying wires. Explore the concept of electromagnetic induction and Faraday's Law to apply them in practice questions.

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Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

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Magnetic Fields and Forces

Learn about the properties of magnetism and explore magnetism's relationship with electricity and its effect on charges.
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Magnetism

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Charged particles

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Current carrying wires

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Magnetic Flux

Explore how a changing magnetic field can affect electric current.
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Faraday's and Lenz's Laws

Practice applications of magnetic flux in situations involving a generated electromotive force, or voltage.
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Induced emf

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Motional emf

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Thermodynamics

How can you get water to boil at room temperature? Explore the relationships between temperature, pressure, and heat using thermodynamics. Learn the concepts behind how heat engines function and their theoretical efficiency limits. Lastly, discover the overarching trend of the universe: entropy.

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Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Temperature, Pressure, and Heat

Explore how the concept of heat, a manifestation of internal energy, is measured through temperature and affects the property of volume.
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Ideal Gases

Learn about the First Law of Thermodynamics, the transfer of heat, through processes involving pressure, volume, and temperature.
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First Law of Thermodynamics

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Thermodynamic processes and PV diagrams

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Entropy

Learn about the Second Law of Thermodynamics and how the entropy of any closed system increases with time.
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Fluids

When Archimedes had his revelation about the king's crown, he exclaimed, "Eureka!" By studying fluids, discover what Archimedes did while learning about the concepts of pressure, buoyancy, and fluid flow.

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Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

Your weighted accuracy is based on your most recent attempts compared to everyone else’s first attempts.

Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Hydrostatic Pressure and Pascal's Principle

Learn about the concept of pressure in fluids and apply Pascal's Principle to the transmission of pressure throughout fluids.
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Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle

Discover Archimedes' Principle and apply it to problems involving buoyant forces.
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Conservation

Apply conservation principles to situations involving the fluid flows, including the use of Bernoulli's Principle.
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Fluid flow and mass

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Bernoulli's Principle and energy

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Optics

In 1609, Galileo constructed the first telescope and pointed it at Jupiter to magnify the light from the Jovian planet. Discover through optics the behavior of traveling light and how it can be manipulated: reflected and bent. Also explore how the wave nature of light allows it to interact with itself to create intricate interference patterns.

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Your status is based on your weighted accuracy which accounts for the difficulty of the questions.

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Re-answering questions correctly will improve your weighted average status.

Reflection

Apply the property of light called reflection to problems involving reflective surfaces such as mirrors.
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Mirrors

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Refraction

Apply the property of light called refraction to problems involving different indices of refraction, including lenses and the formation of images.
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Snell's Law

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Thin lenses

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Interference and Diffraction

Explore the interesting behavior of light as a wave and apply these properties to problems involving interference and diffraction.
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Simple interference and diffraction

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Polarization

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Slit and diffraction grating

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Modern Physics

With the discovery of quantized energy at the beginning of the 20th century, a new branch of physics was pioneered. Discover the fundamental forces that govern our universe, how physics works at the nuclear and subatomic level, and how the very, very small can be both a wave and a particle simultaneously.

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Fundamental Forces and Particles

Discover the fundamental building blocks of the universe and the various ways they interact.
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Nuclear Physics

Explore the properties of the atom – the quantized behavior, fusion and fission, and the famous formula of mass-energy equivalence.
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Atoms, energy levels, and spectra

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Nuclear reactions and radioactivity

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Mass-energy equivalence

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Quantum Mechanics

Explore the dual nature of the microscopic world, acting both as a wave and as a particle, through wavefunctions and the photoelectric effect.
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Wave-particle duality and DeBroglie wavelength

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Photons and photoelectric effect

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Relativity

Learn and qualitatively apply the concepts of relative space and time, and how Einstein moved physics beyond the realm of classical mechanics.
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Electromagnetic Radiation and the Nature of Light

Explore the unique nature of light and the interesting behavior of electromagnetic radiation.
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