A student is conducting an experiment to determine what factors affect the vapor pressure of methanol. The student is measuring the vapor pressure of methanol using a mercury manometer, as pictured below.
The experimental apparatus has an evacuated 1.0 liter bulb, into which the student injects a measured amount of methanol. The methanol then vaporizes to a gas until the vapor pressure equilibrates with the liquid, by saturating the bulb volume with methanol vapor.
The temperature of the methanol is controlled by placing it in a water bath. The student measures the vapor pressure by determining the height of the mercury column after the methanol is injected.
Experiment 1 Results
The student first tried varying the volume of methanol injected into the bulb.
Experiment 2 Results
Next, the student tried varying the temperature of a fixed volume of methanol. The student made sure there was always methanol liquid in the glass bulb when the measurement of vapor pressure was taken.
Experiment 3 Results
Finally, the student tried measuring the vapor pressure of different substances, both with and without alcohol (-OH) groups, at 20° C.
Based on Experiment 2, methanol has a vapor pressure of 190 mmHg when the temperature was closest to