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Animal Farm

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Literary Elements in Old Major's Speech

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The quote below, taken from Old Major's speech, best illustrates which of the following combinations of literary device and effect?

We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty...The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth. But is this simply part of the order of nature? Is it because this land of ours is so poor that it cannot afford a decent life to those who dwell upon it? No, comrades, a thousand times no! The soil of England is fertile, its climate good, it is capable of affording food in abundance...

A

Hyperbole is used here to highlight the hopeless situation the animals find themselves in and their inability to improve their lives on their own.

B

Metaphor is used to compare the animals' plight to that of all of nature, which is being subdued by the cruelty and destructiveness of man.

C

Anaphora is used in order to create strong feelings of longing and hope in the his animal audience, all with the aim to push them into open revolt.

D

Anaphora is used in order to highlight, through repetition, the need for rebellion against man and his harsh, self-serving rule.

E

Juxtaposition is used to show that man's tyranny, not any defect of the land itself, is the cause of the animals' problems.