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Protection from Lysosomes

APBIO-NG4KGW

Which of the following provides the MOST accurate explanation for why the hydrolytic enzymes released by lysosomes when they fuse with damaged organelles do not continue to act on other healthy and functioning organelles after the targeted organelle is broken down and recycled?

A

The enzymes of lysosomes require an acidic pH to achieve a functional shape, and the alkaline pH of the cytosol quickly denatures them.

B

Unlike normal enzymes the hydrolytic enzymes in lysosomes break down rapidly over time and therefore have a short lifespan.

C

Non-competitive inhibitor molecules present in the cytosol bind with the enzymes and deactivate them.

D

The enzymes in lysosomes are capable of acting upon and breaking down each other, and so their quantities decrease over time.