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Moderate

Secondary Production

APBIO-ZHFYHW

Determining the energy transfer from producer to primary consumer provides an estimate of secondary productivity.

Other than the direct addition of mass to the organism, which of the following processes contributes positively to the biomass of an individual?

A

Expenditure of energy during respiration.

B

Production of frass (excrement).

C

Uptake of water.

D

Production of offspring.