AP® Biology

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When to Use Mathematical Modeling


Simulations and mathematical modeling are frequently used in a variety of fields, including science, engineering, and economics, to collect large amounts of data about systems. Modeling allows experimenters to adjust and control variables with more precision than may be possible in certain real-world settings.

Which of the following questions would BEST be tested using mathematical modeling?


How has climate change affected the survival rate of polar bear cubs?


If 75% of individuals with a dominant phenotype do not reproduce, how many generations will it take for the dominant allele to be eliminated from the population?


What is the inheritance pattern of a newly discovered fruit fly eye color trait?


What is the minimum concentration of DDT that will kill mosquitoes?