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Purpose of metaphor in "The Moral Equivalent of War"

APENLA-TCLQYC

The Moral Equivalent of War, William James, 1910

James, William. "The Moral Equivalent of War." Constitution.org. Constitution Society, n.d. Web. 4 May 2016.

The metaphor in lines 1-2 "The war against war is going to be no holiday excursion or camping party" functions to

A

give historical context for a present day dilemma.

B

engage the audience while introducing the complexity of the problem.

C

question a common assumption while explaining the answer.

D

define the concept of war.

E

create an initial counterargument.