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AP® Environmental Science

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Developing Countries and Fertility

APES-YEVV1J

Which is the BEST explanation for why it is necessary for developing countries to have a total fertility rate greater than 2.1?

A

The total fertility rate must be high enough to offset the short life spans experienced in developing countries.

B

The total fertility rate must be high enough to replace the high mortality rates of children and adolescents.

C

Because of malnutrition in developing countries, few pregnancies go to full term.

D

In developing countries there are few education opportunities for women and they will have more children.

E

Developing countries tend to be male-centered societies that stress having a large number of male offspring.