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AP® Environmental Science

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Second Law of Thermodynamics and Resistance

APES-11E4YP

After Three-Mile Island, Chernobyl, and the Fukushima Daiichi disaster, many people are afraid to live near nuclear power plants. Some have suggested moving power plants far way from major cities and towns.

Which of the following interpretations of the Second Law of Thermodynamics accurately explains the problems with this choice?

A

Some electricity would be lost as heat as it travels through long transmission lines.

B

It would be difficult to find enough employees in the countryside for these power plants.

C

It requires much more uranium to produce electricity than if coal were used instead.

D

The waste products generated at a rural power plant require more costly storage than the waste generated at a power plant near a city.

E

Energy cannot be created nor destroyed. Therefore, there really is not a good reason power plants can't be located away from major cities and towns.