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AP® Human Geography

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Land-based Power

APHUG-4FP4XO

The Heartland Theory is the idea that to rule the world, a country needed land rather than sea-based power as well as control over the heartland of Europe.

Which geographer promoted this theory?

A

Alfred T. Mahan.

B

Friedrich Ratzel.

C

Halford J. Mackinder.

D

Nicholas Spykman.

E

Karl Haushofer.