AP® Human Geography

Free Version

Upgrade subject to access all content

Moderate

Shifting Manufacturing

APHUG-XHEXQX

During the first half of the 20th century, the United States experienced rapid growth in its manufacturing industry. It would import raw materials from developing countries, manufacture them into finished products, and then sell them back to those developing countries.

Today the U.S. has an almost reversed relationship with many of these countries, especially in Southeast Asia. The U.S. will sell these countries raw materials. These countries will manufacture them into products, and then sell them back to the U.S. For example, 80% of the manufactured products that you can buy in Walmart are made in China.

This shift in global manufacturing has occurred as a result of _______________.

A

lack of unionization in Southeast Asia.

B

higher labor costs in the U.S.

C

lower labor costs in Southeast Asia.

D

Export Processing Zones in Southeast Asia.

E

all of the above.