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Difficult

Confusing Concept Pairs

APPSY-GFECJE

Jamie Schmidlap has been trying to make flash cards, charts, and lists to prepare for a psychology exam. There are some words that seem to have a confusing twin and she just cannot keep them straight.

Select the choice below that most correctly describes two similar-sounding, but different, concepts.

A

Parasomnias is a category of abnormal sleep behavior, while paraphilia is a category of abnormal sexual attraction.

B

Habituation refers to training a dog to respond to a stimulus, while sensory adaptation refers to not noticing a stimulus after being exposed to it.

C

A Type I error is when a researcher fails to notice a significant result, while a Type II error is when a researcher fails to notice a non-significant result.

D

Retroactive interference is when a person cannot learn new information, while retrograde amnesia is when a person cannot remember old information.

E

Negative reinforcement is when a negative stimulus is applied, and negative punishment is when a negative stimulus is removed.