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Negative Reinforcement & Punishment

APPSY-R4EGG2

Which of the following is accurate regarding negative reinforcement and positive punishment?

A

Negative reinforcers increase the rate of operant responding; positive punishments decrease the rate of operant responding.

B

Negative reinforcers decrease the rate of operant responding; positive punishments increase the rate of operant responding.

C

Negative reinforcers decrease the rate of operant responding; punishments decrease the rate of operant responding.

D

Negative reinforcers decrease the rate or operant responding; positive punishments increase rates of desired behavior.

E

Neither negative reinforcement nor positive punishment have any effect on operant behaviors.