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Moderate

Operant Conditioning Principles

APPSY-Y8TIM4

B.F. Skinner pioneered a type of learning called operant conditioning. It is based on the Law of Effect outlined by Edward Thorndike, and assumes that behavior is affected by its operating on the environment. In other words, there is a consequence for behavior from the environment.

All of the following are true of regarding Skinner's beliefs of operant conditioning EXCEPT

A

negative punishment is more harsh then positive punishment.

B

secondary reinforcers acquire their effect by their association with other reinforcers.

C

reinforcement strengthens the response, making it more likely to occur.

D

punishment will weaken the response, making it less likely to occur.

E

a neutral consequence will have little or no effect on whether or not a response will reoccur.