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The Nature and Nurture of Depression

APPSY-GNFTE1

The 5-HTTLPR gene accounts for about 30-40% of depression cases, but what else does the research indicate increases the likelihood of developing depression later in life?

A

Abnormal hormone levels.

B

Conditioned proactive behaviors.

C

Hallucinations and delusions.

D

Compulsions.

E

Experiences of childhood abuse and neglect.