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AP® Psychology

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Thorndike vs. Kohler

APPSY-EK8EXA

​Sally Schmidlap is dutifully preparing for the AP psychology exam. She loves animals and is fascinated with studies involving animal cognition and behavior. However, she is having trouble keeping two theorists straight. Edward Thorndike is associated with cats in puzzle boxes and the Law of Effect. Wolfgang Kohler is known for putting fruit just out of reach of chimpanzees. From the options below, choose the one that best describes these two pioneering psychologists' findings.

A

Thorndike believed cats used their minds to figure out how to get out of the box, and Kohler believed chimpanzees used their minds to figure out how to get the fruit.

B

Thorndike believed cats used their minds to figure out how to get out of the box, and Kohler believed chimpanzees accidently found a way to get the fruit that they repeated.

C

Thorndike believed cats accidently found a way to get out of the box that they then repeated, and Kohler believed chimpanzees used their minds to figure out how to get the fruit.

D

Thorndike believed cats accidently found a way to get out of the box that they then repeated, and Kohler believed chimpanzees accidently found a way to get the fruit that they then repeated.

E

Thorndike believed cats learned through classical conditioning, while Kohler believed chimpanzees learned from other chimpanzees.