Moderate# Calculating a Residual: Birth Rate

APSTAT-K6YPGV

A least squares regression line was fitted to the birth rate (per $1000$ women) of women, ages 15-44, in the United States from $1997$ to $2009$.

The equation of the line is $ \widehat { y } =154.16-.07x$, where $\widehat { y } $ is the birth rate (per $1000$ women) and $x$ is the year. The birth rate in $2000$ was $14.7$ (per $1000$ women).

Which of the following is the residual of the birth rate (per $1000$ women) in the year $2000$?