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Carnosine Synthesis


A number of sports nutrition companies add $\beta$-Alanine to their supplements as a way to increase the overall concentration of carnosine in the muscles to reduce fatigue during strenuous exercise.

Carnosine has a number of biological benefits as well, but it suffers a short half-life in the body.

The schematic below showcases the synthesis of carnosine.

Tarek Mohamed. Created for Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.

Based on the schematic, structure A must be

, which would make structure B


The incorporation of structure A would result in structure C being