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Biochemistry

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Moderate

Fatty Acid Oxidation: Very Long Chain Fatty Acids

BIOCHM-Y6LSX1

Complete the following statements related to the $\beta$-oxidation of very long chain (greater than 22 carbons) fatty acids.

Short, medium and long chain fatty acids are metabolized by $\beta$-oxidation in the

, whereas very long chain (greater than 22 Cs) are metabolized in the

.

During $\beta$-oxidation of short, medium and long chain fatty acids, electrons are transferred from the fatty acid to

, which are then coupled to ATP synthesis. In contrast, $\beta$-oxidation of very long chain fatty acids results in electron transfer from ${ FADH }_{ 2 }$ directly to

producing

, which is broken down by the enzyme

.