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Elementary Graphical Analysis of Charge Conservation Using Forces

EANDM-7AZYBB

Suppose I suspend two charged conducting spheres 10 mm apart along the $x$ axis as shown in the figure below. The radii of the spheres are very small, less than 1 mm.

I also place a total charge $Q$ on the spheres, with a charge $q_1$ on sphere one, and a charge $q_2$ on sphere two. The force that sphere two exerts on sphere one is therefore equal to:

$$\vec{F}_{12} = -F_E \hat{x}$$

…where:

$$F_E = \frac{k q_1 q_2}{r^2}$$

In this equation, $r$ is the distance between the two charges and $k$ is the strength constant for the electric force.

I slowly move charge from one sphere to another. The graph below shows the amplitude $F_E$ of this force as a function of the charge $q_1$ on sphere one.

What is the total charge $Q$ on both spheres?

A

$-10$ $\mu$C

B

$0$ $\mu$C

C

Both $-10$ $\mu$C AND $+10$ $\mu$C

D

You cannot determine the answer based on this graph.