Free Version

Upgrade subject to access all content


Faraday: Charge Flowing in a Conducting Wire in a Magnetic Field


A circular loop of length $L_o$ is made of wire with cross-sectional area $a_o$. The wire has a resistivity of $\rho_o$. The loop is in a spatially uniform magnetic field. Initially, the loop is orientated such that the normal to its area is perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field.

The loop is subsequently rotated $90^o$ to an orientation where the normal to its area is parallel to the magnetic field direction. During the time the loop is rotating, and charge of $Q_o$ flows in the wire.

What is the magnitude of the magnetic field in which the loop is placed?


$B = 2 \pi L_o Q_o \rho a_o $


$B = \cfrac{ Q_o }{\rho a_o L_o}$


$B = \cfrac{ Q_o \rho a_o }{L_o ^2}$


$B = \cfrac{ 4 \pi Q_o \rho a_o }{L_o}$