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General Chemistry

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Qualitative Analysis of Cations in Solution by Precipitation

CHEM-JDUWSH

Consider the qualitative analysis of cations present in a solution. The flowchart for the experiment is below.

J. Esbenshade. Created for Albert.io. Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.

Consider the experimental procedure below on a solution containing $\textrm{Ag}^+$ and $\textrm{Fe}^{3+}$ ions.

In which steps will a precipitate form?

1) $0.50 \textrm{ M HCl}$ was added to the unknown solution.

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2) $0.50 \textrm{ M NaOH}$ was added to the solution.

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3) The supernatant was decanted from the precipitate.

4) To the supernatant, $0.50 \textrm{ M K}_4\textrm{Fe(CN)}_6$ was added.

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5) To the precipitate, $0.10 \textrm{ M HNO}_3$ was added. The precipitate dissolved.

6) $0.050 \textrm{ M NH}_3$ was added to the solution.

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7) $0.50 \textrm{ M K}_4\textrm{Fe(CN)}_6$ was added to the solution.

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