Genetics and Genomics

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Characteristics of the Human Genome


Since the sequencing of the human genome, scientists have developed unprecedented insights into what it takes to build a human, starting with these basic structural​ characteristics.

The human genome is about 3

base pairs long.


of the genome is protein-coding (with the remainder acting as regulatory or structural elements, coding for untranslated​ RNA like tRNAs, or having an unknown function).

On average,

of the genome varies between individual humans.