Which of the following situations describes "personalized medicine" - the use of an individual's genetic information to provide personalized medical treatment?
A doctor chooses which anxiety medication to prescribe for a patient based on which has the high efficacy and lowest side effects for people with a genetic background that is similar to that of the patient's.
A pharmaceutical company designs a new heart disease medication for patients in their teens who experience adverse side effects with medications designed for middle aged people.
A patient is treated with a retrovirus designed to edit the receptors expressed on their white blood cells, making them immune to HIV.
A robot is designed to adjust the level of pain medication in a patient's IV bag in real time, based on that patient's blood pressure and EEG readings.