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Genetics and Genomics

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Developmental Genetics: Mitosis versus Meiosis

GENES-VA8XEF

Which of the following statements is TRUE about the differences between meiosis and mitosis?

A

Recombination in meiosis produces gametes that are genetically identical to the parental cell, whereas mitosis results in gametes that carry DNA that is a combination of maternal and paternal DNA.

B

Mitosis produces four genetically unique cells, with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell; recombination between genes occurs only to repair DNA damage during meiosis.

C

Meiosis produces four genetically unique cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell; mitosis produces two identical cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

D

Recombination between genes occurs only to repair DNA damage during mitosis; meiosis produces two identical cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.