Genetics and Genomics

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Genetic Transfer in Bacteria


During conjugation, a series of steps lead to the transfer of DNA from one bacterial cell to another.

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In the first step, the donor cell produces a

that attaches to the recipient cell and brings the two cells close together.


is nicked and a single strand of DNA is then transferred to the recipient cell.

Both cells synthesize a complementary strand to produce a double stranded piece of DNA; both are now viable