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Why must the ghost “render up himself” to “sulphurous and tormenting flames”?
Because he is stuck in purgatory and must do penance for his sins after dying unexpectedly at the hand of his brother.
Because he committed acts of war that have condemned his soul to hell, including the murder of King Fortinbras.
Because he is stuck in purgatory and cannot progress to heaven until the mystery of his death is solved on earth.
Because he was unfaithful to Gertrude, and burning in the eternal flames of hell is his punishment for those sinful acts.
Because all people, even the most noble of humankind, are required to endure a period of purgatory before the final judgment.