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With the exception of Marlow and Kurtz, the characters in the novella remain nameless.
Why did Conrad leave his characters unnamed?
This choice indicates that Marlow and Kurtz are the only significant characters.
Conrad places the focus on Marlow and Kurtz. Also, the lack of names shows a universality of the "types" of characters, especially the European Intended and the African mistress.
By not naming the characters, Conrad ensures that the reader does not get confused with tribal and Dutch names.
By not naming the characters, Conrad was able to finish the novella more quickly since he did not have to choose significant names.
By not naming the characters, Conrad was able to differentiate between the natives and the Europeans by a physical description solely.