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Why is Injury to the Medulla Oblongata Frequently Fatal?

NEURO-EKBKT8

A young man is brought into the ER and is D.O.A., dead on arrival. Upon examination, you notice that the back of the skull sustained a gunshot wound, and it appears that the medulla oblongata was significantly damaged.

Why is the injury to the medulla oblongata frequently fatal?

Select ALL that apply.

A

Because it contains the autonomic centers for regulating the cardiovascular system and keeping the heart beating.

B

Because it has a wide range of functioning, including motor functions, memory, problem solving, language, judgment, initiation, spontaneous and impulse control, and social and sexual behavior functions.

C

Because of its role in initiating respiration and regulation of respiration, or breathing.

D

Because it involves integrating sensory input, especially visual, and integrates it with sensation and perception, or cognition.

E

Because it is responsible for processing olfactory information.