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SAT® Reading and Writing

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Topic Sentence - Balance of Essential Liquids

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When Chocolate was Medicine: Colmenero, Wadsworth and Dufour, Christine Jones

Jones, Christine A. "When Chocolate Was Medicine: Colmenero, Wadsworth and Dufour." Publicdomainreview.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2016.

What would be the best topic sentence for this paragraph that extends from lines 24-29?

It held that the body was composed of four essential liquids: black bile, blood, yellow bile, and phlegm. Each humor echoed one of the four elements of nature —earth, air, fire, and water—and exhibited particular properties that changed the body’s disposition: black bile was cold and dry, blood was hot and wet, yellow bile felt hot and dry, and phlegm made the body cold and wet. Balanced together, they maintained the healthy functioning of an organism. When the balance among them tipped and one occurred in excess, it produced symptoms of what we now call “disease” in the body.

A

The concept of "humoralism" was used to explain the role of humor in everyday life and the fact that people need humor in order to be healthy.

B

"Humoralism" was an ancient theory developed by Hippocrates, a famous Greek scholar, which was still very influential in 1630.

C

"Humoralism" was an ancient theory which suggested that the body would be made healthy by the presence of the elements of fire, air, water, and earth.

D

“Humoralism” was an ancient theory which stated that the body had four humor which needed to be in balance in order for a person to be healthy.