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SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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Johnson's Impeachment

SATUSH-JXY9RY

That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, unmindful of the high duties of his office and the dignity and proprieties thereof, and of the harmony and courtesies which ought to exist and be maintained between the executive and legislative branches of the Government of the United States, designing and intending to set aside the rightful authorities and powers of Congress, did attempt to bring into disgrace, ridicule, hatred, contempt and reproach the Congress of the United States.

What was the main reason that just enough Senate Republicans voted against conviction in Johnson's impeachment trial?

A

They were nervous about his vice president's experience and skills.

B

They felt that Johnson was a decent president and had done nothing wrong.

C

They were unhappy with repeated bribery attempts by Radical Republicans, and showed their resistance by voting “not guilty”.

D

They were nervous about the precedent this would set, as it would essentially make the executive branch subservient to the legislative branch going onwards.

E

They felt that Johnson's refusal to mount a defense made it a fundamentally unfair trial.