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SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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The Arab Oil Embargo

SATUSH-1KAFLC

Why did OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries) vote to embargo oil exports to the United States beginning in October 1973?

A

The United States had supported Israel in the Yom Kippur War earlier that month.

B

Beginning that summer, the U.S. State Dept. had decreased the number of visas allotted to Arab nations.

C

American oil companies had been flooding the world market with cheap Alaskan oil.

D

The U.S. banned American tourists from visiting the Holy Land due to the Arab-Israeli conflict.

E

The U.S. refused to negotiate with the North Vietnamese, a close ally of the Arab states.