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SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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The Atomic Bomb and Japanese Surrender

SATUSH-AYEDLK

Conventional wisdom has held that the United States' use of atomic weapons on both Hiroshima and Nagasaki forced the Japanese government to unconditionally surrender to the Allies in August, 1945.

Other historians, however, dispute this view and believe the real cause of their surrender was due to which of the following?

A

The firebombing of major Japanese cities by the U.S.military had inflicted more damage than the two atomic weapons.

B

The Japanese government's supply of oil and food was dangerously low.

C

The Soviet Union declared war on Japan on August 8th, 1945 and the Japanese feared the wrath of the Soviet military.

D

Japanese officials hoped that their surrender would spare them the fate which had befallen Nazi officials at the Nuremberg Trials.

E

The Japanese military population fell considerably since they had been at war since 1937.