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SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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The Iran-Contra Scandal

SATUSH-YDT54A

Both Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan were embroiled in serious scandals during their second terms of office (Watergate and the Iran-Contra Scandals).

Which of the following BEST explains why Reagan's presidency survived the scandal while Nixon's did not?

A

Most Americans had grown tired hearing about America's troubled relationship with Iran.

B

The Iran-Contra Scandal was largely overshadowed by approaching 1988 Presidential Election.

C

Reagan's public appeal was an asset during the Iran-Contra investigation whereas Nixon's appeal during the Watergate Scandal had been damaged by earlier events of his presidency.

D

Many Americans were in support of supplying the contras in Nicaragua, despite the loss of funding by the U.S. Congress.

E

Investigative committees could find no evidence linking Reagan to the scandal whereas there was evidence of wrongdoing by Nixon in the Watergate Scandal.