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In January 1991, an international coalition of forces, led by the United States, invaded Iraq in a campaign entitled "Operation Desert Storm".
What action by its leader, Saddam Hussein, caused this international response?
Hussein had ordered the invasion of Kuwait a few months earlier.
Hussein was thought to be developing WMD (weapons of mass destruction).
Hussein was suspected of using chemical weapons on the Kurdish people of northern Iraq.
Hussein was blockading the Strait of Hormuz, a critical waterway for the petroleum industry.
Hussein was threatening to launch an air attack, then to be followed up by a land invasion of Israel.