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SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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The School Busing Issue

SATUSH-YMUAXL

Photo of chaos in South Boston MA. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2016.

The Soiling of Old Glory, Copyright Stanley Forman.

This photograph was taken in 1971, revealing the violent unrest caused by the court-ordered busing of schoolchildren in Boston Mass.

Why were several lawsuits brought before these courts despite the previous Supreme Court rulings outlawing segregated schools?

A

Many school districts disagreed with the Brown rulings and refused to provide school bus service to minority students.

B

The extraordinarily high crime rates in northern cities had made the streets too unsafe for children to walk to school.

C

The Brown rulings had only applied to public schools that were located in southern "Jim Crow" states.

D

The state of Massachusetts refused to deal with the issue of school integration and left the issue in the Federal government's hands.

E

Residential patterns in large urban areas had created neighborhoods that lacked racially-mixed populations, thereby racially segregating schools through de facto segregation.