SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

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The September 11th Attacks


The horrific attacks of September 11, 2001, under the direction of Osama bin Laden and the terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, were justified by bin Laden in his 1998 fatwa (a "call to arms").

Which of the following reasons was given by bin Laden for the terrorist attacks of 9/11?


The U.S. military's presence in Saudi Arabia since the 1991 Persian Gulf War.


The CIA's support of the mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan War of the 1980s.


The increasing presence of American oil companies in the Middle East since the end of the Persian Gulf War.


The U.S. sale of weapons to bin Laden's enemy, Iran, during the Iran-Iraq war of the 1980s.


The attempt to destroy bin Laden's suspected base of operations in the Sudan in 1998.