?

SAT® Subject Test in U.S. History

Free Version

Upgrade subject to access all content

Difficult

The Spanish in America

SATUSH-AIJCOG

British exploration of North America was a late 16th century venture while the Spanish had explored the continent a full century before.

Which of the following best explains why the British lagged behind the Spanish?

A

The British failed to develop dependable sailing vessels capable of handling transatlantic voyages.

B

The unification of the Spanish kingdoms of Castile and Aragon provided the Spanish with ample wealth for exploration.

C

Religious warfare due to the Reformation had consumed the Crown's resources and military.

D

The Great London Fire had decimated the Crown's treasury, severely limiting available capital for the venture.

E

Spanish conquistadores had superior military training enabling them to successfully subdue the native populations of North America.