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The Three-Fifths Compromise was required due to
rural dwellers wanting more representation in state legislatures.
southern states worried about an imbalance in the Senate due to the impending statehood for the Northwest Territory states.
southern states wanting more representation in the House of Representatives.
northern states wanting more military protection due to their proximity to British Canada.
frustration over the inability to amend the Articles of Constitution due to a requirement of unanimity.