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SAT® Subject Test in World History

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Modernization of Turkey

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All of the following were outcomes or impacts of Mustafa Kemal, or Ataturk’s, modernization of Turkey during the Interwar Years EXCEPT:

A

Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate and transition to a secular state.

B

Adoption of Western-style medicine to replace superstition and herbal medicines and potions.

C

Establishment of universal suffrage rights.

D

The rise of Pan-Arabism across the Middle East.

E

The replacement of law system based on Shari’a with a new civil law code.