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Which of the following BEST describes Muslim advances in 8th century Europe?
Muslims advanced as far north as Scandinavia but were halted by the Vikings.
Muslims advanced throughout the Mediterranean, including such areas as the Papal States in their holdings.
Muslims took over the Iberian Peninsula but were stopped from further advance into Western Europe by the Franks.
Muslims ruled the various Germanic kingdoms as tributary states.
Muslim advances were quite limited due to the centralized monarchies present in Western Europe.