SAT® Subject Test in World History

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Social Structures in Classical India and China


Which of the following is a major difference between the social structure of Han China and that of Classical India?


The Han dynasty believed that all citizens should strive for upward social mobility while India only stressed mobility for the poor.


In India, social mobility was based on education while in China, social mobility was based on wealth.


In China, women were considered to be high on the social status ladder while in India, all women were at the bottom.


The social hierarchy in India was completeLY eliminated during the Classical era while Classical China retained its social hierarchy.


In Indian society, higher social status was awarded to merchants than in China.