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New industrial urban centers were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
Rapid population growth doubled and sometimes tripled or quadrupled the size of cities in one century.
Tenement housing usually was the only option for the working class.
Lack of sanitation was a major problem, leading to problems such as the rapid spread of cholera.
Cities lacked adequate access to education and police protection.
Life spans for those working in cities were longer than those enjoyed by rural farm laborers.