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The Great Gatsby

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Constitutional Amendment

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Which Amendment to the United States Constitution most influenced Gatsby’s financial success?

A

The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which gave Congress the right to impose Federal Income taxes, thus giving the government access to a percentage of citizens’ incomes as a means of financing government programs.

B

The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1913, which determined that Senators would be elected by the general public. Prior to this, Senators were elected by state legislatures. This Amendment created a government body that was created by and responsive to the average citizen.

C

The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1920, which made it illegal to manufacture, transport, or sell alcoholic beverages. Consuming alcohol was not illegal.

D

The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1920, which determined that the right to vote could not be denied anyone on account of their sex or gender. This Amendment gave women the right to vote.

E

The Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment in 1933 .