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The Metamorphosis

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Kafka's Estrangement

METAMO-1HC551

The introduction to the Bantam Classic edition of The Metamorphosis, edited by Stanley Corngold, notes that in writing about a "monstrous non-being Kafka writes about himself." He further argues that Kafka saw himself as condemned to "irreparable estrangement." Which of the following factual aspects of Kafka's life could contribute to the sense of isolation that emerges in the text?

A

His tyrannical father

B

His family's successful business

C

His intense study of natural sciences

D

His work at a government agency in Prague

E

His tormented Jewish psyche in an anti-Semitic Europe