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What is the significance of the following brief passage:

He wondered again for whom he was writing the diary. For the future, for the past-for an age that might be imaginary. And in front of him there lay not death but annihilation. The diary would be reduced to ashes and himself to vapor. Only the Thought Police would read what he had written, before they wiped it out of existence and out of memory. How could you make appeal to the future when not a trace of you, not even an anonymous word scribbled on a piece of paper, could physically survive?… the chiming of the hour seemed to have put a new heart into him.

He was a lonely ghost uttering a truth that nobody would ever hear. But so long as he uttered it, in some obscure way the continuity was not broken. It was not by making yourself heard but by staying san that you carried on the human heritage.


The irony in the passage is seen in the fact that Winston fully realizes that he is writing his diary for purposes that will never be known to anyone, yet he continues to write.


This passage displays the self-destrructing nature of Winston based on how he realizes that the diary is just a means to Winston's end because the probablilty of him being caught is very high.


The passage represents the lack of clarity Winston has about his feelings for the Party; in a sense, the only way he can be truthful is in his writing, yet he fears that the truth will result in his vaporization.


Winston is questioning the state of human existence as it currently is in Oceania; he doesn't understand the role he plays and sees himself as insignificant because his opinions and words, despite being written down, don't matter.


All choices provide some significance to the passage and Winston's thoughts.

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