Trashpicking in Lebanon
It's not often that trash collection is front page news. (1) When the
Lebanese government struggled to pick up the garbage protesters from the
“You Stink” movement filled the streets of the capital Beirut, and got
everybody's attention. On one day, tens of (2) thousands protested. This
number represents 2% of Lebanon's entire population.
The problem was (3) due to decades of the Lebanese government struggling to
function. (4) From 1975 to 1990, the Lebanese Civil War raged, killing upwards of
150,000 people. (5) Since then, ethnic (6) division between it’s Shiite,
Sunni, and Christian communities have made it difficult for the government
to make decisions on even such topics as collecting the garbage. In 1998,
the government opened a temporary landfill in Naameh, (7) but seventeen
years later, had not decided on a long-term solution. (8)* Also, the Syrian
Civil War (9) resulted in bringing to the country of less than 5 million
people upwards of 1 million refugees, and with them the need to
occasionally throw things out. As a result, by 2015, that (10) landfill
which was supposed to hold only two million tons of garbage had an
estimated 15 million tons, with no alternative site in sight.
Without any place to put the garbage, in July of 2015, the contractor
assigned to collect the garbage stopped picking it up. As the piles grew in
residential areas, citizens became increasingly (11) annoyed by the sight
and smell of the garbage, and saw this as an example of how the government
(12) needs to function better and demand more attention to their concerns.
The government responded aggressively, using water cannons and tear gas to
repel the protesters, injuring a small number of them. Soon, however, they
were forced to respond and (13) have begun collecting the garbage again and
placing it in more temporary sites, hoping that soon, a permanent solution
will be found.
But there are already positive signs from this popular movement starting to show.
Backed by environmental organizations, Shida Kater, a Lebanese woman who runs
a recycling facility, has begungoing door to door trying to persuade her neighbors
to change their habits,and choose the environmentally healthier and less smelly
alternative tosimply throwing the garbage out. This has helped the Lebanese economy
as well; local glass-blowers have begun relying on the increased supply of
recycled glass to remain in business, potentially strengthening the
nation's ability to handle all of its problems, from the ordinary to the
exceptional glass to remain in business, (14) potentially strengthening the
nation's ability to handle all of its problems. (15)
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The problem was (3) due to decades of the Lebanese government struggling to function.
Which choice emphasizes the prominent role that the Lebanese government played in the trash collection issue?