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Gustave Courbet, The Stonebreakers, 1849. Wikimedia Commons.
The mid-19th century style known as Realism differed from the academic Salon painting popular at the time by its
reference to Greco-Roman history and mythology.
focus on the effects of light to create a sense of elusiveness and impermanence.
depictions of the working class and peasants presented on a large scale.
use of theatrical drama to convey a feeling for the “sublime”.