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Konrad Lorenz discovered in the absence of a mother goose, newly-hatched geese would follow a reasonably-sized and noise-emitting moving object for the rest of its life just as it would its mother. This is known as filial imprinting.

Which of the following would be the evolutionary significance of such a behavioral mechanism?


Individuals of the same clutch would learn to recognize one another when reaching breeding age, choose not to mate, and thereby promote outbreeding.


The connection guarantees a successful transfer of additional life skills that only the mother can impart.


Being able to form an early bond with the mother goose improves the chances of survival for the baby gosling.


Imprinting offers no evolutionary advantage.

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